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Eğitimle ilgili Bilgiler ve Misafir Soruları Arşiv Forumunda Türkçe açıklaması ile atatürkün ingilizce hayatı Konusunu Okuyorsunuz..
  1. Ziyaretçi

    Türkçe açıklaması ile atatürkün ingilizce hayatı

    Türkçe açıklaması ile atatürkün ingilizce hayatı,
    arşiivinde olan biri yazarmı ltfenn teşekkurler forumacil

  2. NAZLI
    Bayan Üye


    Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881 - 1938) was the founder and the first President of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal was born in 1881 in Salonika (Selanik, today in Greece, then under the Ottoman rule) His father's name was Ali Riza Efendi His father was customs official
    His mother's name was Zübeyde Hanim For his primary education, he went to the school of Semsi Efendi in Salonika But Mustafa lost his father at an early age, he had to leave school Mustafa and his mother went to live with his uncle in the countryside His mother brought him up Life continued like this for a time Mustafa worked on the farm but his mother began to worry about his lack of schooling It was finally decided that he should live with his mother's sister in Salonika
    He entered the Military Middle School in Salonika In 1895, after finishing the Military Middle School, Mustafa Kemal entered the Military High School (Askeri Idadisi ) in Manastir
    After successfully completing his studies at the Manastir Military School, Mustafa Kemal went to Istanbul and on the 13th of March 1899 he entered the infantry class of the Military Academy (Harbiye Harp Okulu) After finishing the Military Academy, Mustafa Kemal went on to the General Staff College in 1902 He was graduated from the Academy with the rank of captain on the 11th of January, 1905
    In 1906, he was sent to Damascus (Sam) Mustafa Kemal and his friends founded a society which they called "Vatan ve Hürriyet" (Fatherland and Freedom) in Damascus On his own initiative, he went to Tripoli during the war with Italy in 1911 and took part in the defense of Derne and Tobruk While he was still in Libya, the Balkan War broke out He served in the Balkan War as a successful Commander (1912-1914) At the end of the Balkan War, Mustafa Kemal was appointed military attache in Sofia
    When Mustafa Kemal was in Sofia, the First World War broke out He was made Commander of the Anafartalar Group on 8th of August, 1915 In the First World War he was in command of the Turkish forces at Anafartalar at a critical moment This was when the Allied landings in the Dardanelles (Çanakkale Bogazi) took place and he personally saved the situation in Gallipoli During the battle, Mustafa Kemal was hit by shrapnel above the heart, but a watch in his breast pocket saved his life Mustafa Kemal explained his state of mind as he accepted this great responsibility: "Indeed, it was not easy to shoulder such responsibility, but as I had decided not to live to see my country's destruction, I accepted it proudly" He then served in the Caucasus and in Syria and just before the armistice in 1918 he was placed in command of the Lightning Army group in Syria After the armistice (peace agreement), he returned to Istanbul
    After the Armistice of Mondoros, the countries that had signed the agreement did not consider it necessary to abide by its terms Under various pretexts the navies and the armies of the Entente (France, Britain and Italy) were in Istanbul, while the province of Adana had been occupied by the French, and Urfa and Maras by the British There were Italian soldiers in Antalya and Konya, and British soldiers in Merzifon and Samsun There were foreign officers, officials and agents almost everywhere in the country
    On the 15th of May 1919 the Greek Army landed in Izmir with the agreement of the Entente Under difficult conditions, Mustafa Kemal decided to go to Anatolia On 16th of May 1919, he left Istanbul in a small boat called the "Bandirma" Mustafa Kemal was warned that his enemies had planned to sink his ship on the way out, but he was not afraid and on Monday19th May 1919, he arrived in Samsun and set foot on Anatolian soil That date marks the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence It is also the date that Mustafa Kemal later chose as his own birthday A wave of national resistance arose in Anatolia A movement had already begun in Erzurum in the east and Mustafa Kemal quickly placed himself at the head of the whole organization The congresses in Erzurum and Sivas in the Summer of 1919 declared the national aims by a national pact
    When the foreign armies occupied Istanbul, on 23th of April 1920 Mustafa Kemal opened the Turkish Grand National Assembly and hence established a provisional new government, the centre of which was to be Ankara On the same day Mustafa Kemal was elected President of the Grand National Assembly The Greeks, profiting by the rebellion of Çerkez Ethem and acting in collaboration with him, started to advance towards Bursa and Eskisehir On the 10th of January 1921, the enemy forces were heavily defeated by the Commander of the Western Front, colonel Ismet and his troops On the 10th of July 1921, the Greeks launched a frontal attack with five divisions on Sakarya After the great battle of Sakarya, which continued without interruption from the 23rd of August to the 13th of September, the Greek Army was defeated and had to retreat After the battle, the Grand National Assembly gave Mustafa Kemal the titles of Ghazi and Marshal Mustafa Kemal decided to drive the enemies out of his country and he gave the order that the attack should be launched on the morning of the 26th of August 1922 The bulk of the enemy forces were surrounded and killed or captured on the 30th of August at Dumlupinar
    The enemy Commander-in-Chief, General Trikupis, was captured Or the 9th of September 1922 the fleeing enemy forces were driven into the sea near Izmir The Turkish forces, under the extraordinary military skills of Kemal Atatürk, fought a War of Independence against the occupying Allied powers and won victories on every front all over the country
    On the 24th of July 1923, with the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, the independence of the new Turkish State was recognized by all countries Mustafa Kemal built up a new, sturdy, vigorous state On the 29th of October 1923, he declared the new Turkish Republic Following the declaration of the Republic he started to his radical reforms to modernize the country Mustafa Kemal was elected the first President of the Republic of Turkey

    Atatürk made frequent tours of the country While visiting Gemlik and Bursa, Atatürk caught a chill He returned to Istanbul to be treated and to rest, but, unfortunately Atatürk was seriously ill At 905 AM on the 10th of November 1938, Atatürk died, but he attained immortality in the eyes of his people Since the moment of his death, his beloved name and memory have been engraved on the hearts of his people As a commander he had been the victorious of many battles, as a leader he had influenced the masses, as a statesman he had led a successful administration, and as a revolutionary he had striven to alter the social, cultural, economic, political and legal structure of society at its roots He was one of the most eminent personalities in the history of the world, history will count him among the most glorious sons of the Turkish nation and one of the greatest leaders of mankind

    Mustafa born in Salonika
    Mustafa enters the Military Preparatory School in Salonika and is given the second name "Kemal" by his teacher
    Mustafa Kemal enters the Military High School at Manastir
    Mustafa Kemal enters the infantry class of the Military Academy in Istanbul
    Mustafa Kemal graduates from the Military Academy and goes on to the General Staff College
    January 11, 1905
    Mustafa Kemal graduates from the General Staff College with the rank of Staff Captain and is posted to the Fifth Army, based in Damascus
    October 1906
    Mustafa Kemal and his friends from the secret society "Fatherland and Freedom" in Damascus
    September 1907
    Mustafa Kemal transferred to Third Army and goes to Salonika
    September 13, 1911
    Mustafa Kemal transferred to General Staff in Istanbul
    January 9, 1912
    Mustafa Kemal successfully leads the Tobruk offensive in Libya
    November 25, 1912
    Mustafa Kemal appointed Director of Operations, Mediterranean Straits Special Forces
    October 27, 1913
    Mustafa Kemal appointed Military Attache in Sofia
    April 25, 1915
    Allies land at Ariburnu (Gallipoli) and Mustafa Kemal stops their progress with his division
    August 9, 1915
    Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander of Anafartalar Group
    April 1, 1916
    Mustafa Kemal promoted to Brigadier-General
    August 6-7, 1916
    Mustafa Kemal takes Bitlis and Mus back from the enemy
    October 31, 1918
    Mustafa Kemal becomes Commander of Lightning Group of Armies
    April 30, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal appointed Inspector of 9th Army based in Erzurum with wide powers
    May 16, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal leaves Istanbul
    May 19, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal lands in Samsun This date was recorded as the start of War of Independence
    July 8, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal resigns from the post of Inspector of 3rd Army and from the army
    July 23, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Erzurum Congress
    September 4, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal elected Chairman of Sivas Congress
    December 27, 1919
    Mustafa Kemal arrives in Ankara with the Excutive Committee
    April 23, 1920
    Mustafa Kemal opens the Turkish Grand National Assembly in Ankara
    May 11, 1920
    Mustafa Kemal is condemned to death by the government in Istanbul
    August 5, 1921
    Mustafa Kemal appointed Commander-in-Chief by the Grand National Assembly
    August 23, 1921
    The battle of Sakarya begins with Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal
    September 19, 1921
    The Grand National Assembly gives Mustafa Kemal the rank of Marshal and the title Gazi
    August 26, 1922
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal begins to lead the Great Offensive from the hill of Kocatepe
    August 30, 1922
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal Pasha wins the battle of Dumlupinar
    September 10, 1922
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal enters Izmir
    November 1, 1922
    The Grand National Assembly accepts Gazi Mustafa Kemal's proposal to abolish the Sultanate
    January 14, 1923
    Mustafa Kemal's mother Zübeyde Hanim dies in Izmir
    October 29, 1923
    Proclamation of the Turkish Republic and Gazi Mustafa Kemal is elected as the first President
    August 24, 1924
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal wears a hat for the first time at Sarayburnu in Istanbul
    August 9, 1928
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal speaks at Sarayburnu on the new Turkish Alphabet
    April 12, 1931
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Historical Society
    July 12, 1932
    Gazi Mustafa Kemal founds the Turkish Linguistic Society
    June 16, 1934
    The Grand National Assembly passes a law granting Gazi Mustafa Kemal the surname "Atatürk"
    November 10, 1938
    Atatürk dies at 09:05 in Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul

  3. NAZLI
    Bayan Üye
    Mustafa, 1881 senesinde Yunanistan’ın Selanik kentinde (o zamanlar Osmanlı topraklarında idi) doğdu Babasının ismi Ali Rıza Efendi, annesinin ise Zübeyde Hanımefendi Osmanlı İmparatorluğu zamanında nüfus kayıtları düzenli olarak tutulmadığı için doğum günü kesin olarak belli değildir İlerleyen zamanlarda ona doğum tarihi sorulduğu zaman ” Neden 19 mayıs 1881 olmasın” cevabını vermiştir Mustafa’nın babası gümrük memurluğunda çalışıyordu Daha sonra buradaki görevinini bırakıp kereste ticareti yapmaya başladı Orta halli bir aile idi Ancak mutlu ve düzenli bir aile ortamı vardı Mustafa, Osmanlı Tarihinin kapanmasına sebep olan olayların çok yoğunlaştığı Trakya’nın en önemli şehri olan Selanik’te büyüdü Bu bölge ekonomik, siyasi ve kültürel olarak bölgeye yakın ülkelerden oldukça fazla etkilenen bir bölgeydi Hristiyan ulusların Osmanlı’ya karşı isyan etmeleri, büyük devletlerin yayılma ve nüfuz siyasetleri, en çok burada etkisini gösteriyordu Bu durum onu çok derinden etkiliyordu Burada bu olayların meydana gelmesi onun ileride ülkenin geleceği ile ilgili kararlar alırken daha realist ve duyarlı hareket etmesini sağlamıştır Atatürk’ün okula başlaması ailede görüş ayrılıklarına neden oldu Annesi Mustafa’yı mahalle mektebine vermek istiyor; fakat babası, onun yeni yöntemlerle eğitim yapan bir okulda eğitim almasını doğru görüyordu Ancak Zübeyde Hanımefendi’yi de üzmek istemiyordu Nihayetinde görüş ayrılığı tatlıya bağlandı Mustafa ilk olarak, annesinin dediği gibi törenle mahalle mektebine kayıt oldu Sonra bu okuldan alınıp Şemsi Efendi İlkokulu’na kaydedildi Ali Rıza Efendi’nin vefat etmesi de aileyi zor durumda bıraktı Zübeyde Hanımefedi, çocuklarını yanına alarak, Selanik civarında çiftlik işleten erkek kardeşinin yanına yerleşti Mustafa’nın okuldan geri kalması, Zübeyde hanımı oldukça tedirgin ediyordu Bu sebeple Selanik’e geri döndü Mustafa, Selanik Mülkiye Rüştiyesi’ne kaydoldu Ancak asker olmak istediği için bu okulu yarıda bıraktı Daha sonra annesinden habersiz bir şekilde, askeri rüştiyenin sınavlarına girdi Sınavı kazanınca, annesi Mustafa’nın isteğini kabul etti Mustafa’nın yetişmesinde ve düşünsel gelişminde, Selanik Askeri Rüştiyesi oldukça önemli yer tutar Selanik Askeri Rüştiyesi’nde, yetenek ve zekası ile arkadaşlarının ve öğretmenlerinin sevgisini kazanmayı başardı Mustafa’nın matematik öğretmeni ona şöyle dedi: “Senin de adın Mustafa, benimde arada bir fark olması gerekmektedir Artık senin adın Mustafa Kemal olsun” Mustafa Kemal, kendisinin sınıf arkadaşlarının karşısında gururlandırılmasına çok sevindi Türk tarihinin onur sayfalarına geçecek “Kemal” adı bu şekilde konuldu Mustafa Kemal Askeri Rüştiye’yi bitirdikten sonra Manastır Askeri İdadisi’ne kaydoldu Bu arada başka bir okula devam ederek Fransızcasını geliştirdi Manastır Askeri idadisi’ni bitirince harp okulunda eğitimine devam etti Harp okulunu da üstün başarı ile bitirdikten sonra da harp akademisine giren Mustafa, kurmay yüzbaşı rütbesiyle 1905 senesinde orduda göreve başladı O, büyük bir asker ve nadir yetişen komutanlardandı İlk askeri başarısını, Trablusgarp’ta kazandı Birinci Dünya Savaşı esanasında Balkanlarda, Çanakkale’de, Kafkasya’da veKurtuluş Savaşı Türk tarihinin sayfalarına parlak sayfalar ve destanlar olarak geçmiştir 29 Ekim 1923′te TBMM tarafından (reis-i cumhur) cumhurbaşkanı seçildi Mustafa Kemal Atatürkün Hayatı; Cumhuriyetçilik, Milliyetçilik, Halkçılık, Devletçilik, Laiklik ve İnkılapçılık ilkeleri ile Türk ulusuna nasıl hareket etmesi gerektiğini göstererek geçmiştir esnasında üstlendiği görevler ve kazandığı başarılar, onun askerlik dehasını ortaya koyan en önemli örneklerdir Özellikle, Kurtuluş savaşı zamanında başkumandan olarak Sakarya ve Dumlupınar savaşlarında elde ettiği başarılar, kurdu Kurduğu Türk devletini en mükemmel şekilde yönetip bu devletin gelişmesini sağladı Devlet yönetiminde, asıl hedefi; demokratik, laik, özgür bir cumhuriyet yönetimi oluşturmaktı Osmanlı İmparatorluğu döneminde, Türk ulusu, çağdaş uygarlığın dışında kalmıştı Bu sebeple Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Türk ulusunu çağdaş uluslar seviyesine çıkarmak için devrimlerini birer birer yapmaya başladı Türk ulusunu laik olduğu seviyeye getirmeyi hedefledi ve bu hedefini gerçekleştirdi Atatürk son yılları ve ölümüne kadar Türk ulusunu, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devletini yükseltmek ve geliştirmek için çabaladı ve bu amacını Atatürk İnkılapları ve Atatürk İlkeleri ile gerçekleştirdi Ulu önderimiz Atatürk 10 Kasım 1938 tarihinde hayata gözlerini kapadı

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